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15 Most Common Hawks in Arizona

Hawks in Arizona

Arizona is one of the most exciting states for birding in the USA. There are hummingbirds, the fancy Elegant Trogon, other unique birds, and a bunch of hawks!

In Arizona, hawks are easy to see in deserts, montane forests, canyons, and riparian zones. Several also visit backyards and live in local parks!

Which hawk species have you seen in Arizona? See this article to learn about the many beautiful birds of prey that live in Arizona and how to identify them.

 

Hawks in Arizona

According to eBird data, fifteen hawk species have been seen in the Grand Canyon state. Most are fairly common, but three species are rare visitors to the state.

That’s a lot of hawks, more than most other states! With so many possibilities, hawk identification becomes even more of a challenge.

To help, we used eBird data to show the eleven most frequently seen hawks in Arizona arranged from most common to least common. We also included the four rare species as well as information to help you identify them. We hope this list helps!

 

Red-tailed Hawk

Red-Tailed hawk (Juvenile)

Red-Tailed hawk (Juvenile) © Greg Lavaty.

Scientific name: Buteo jamaicensis

Speed: 20-40 miles per hour
Length & Weight:
19 inches, 2.4 pounds
Wingspan: 49 inches
Call: 
keeeyah!

The Red-tailed Hawk is a big and bulky hawk with dark brown upperparts and long, broad wings. Adults have a broad reddish tail and both sexes are similar (although females are larger than males).

In the east, adults have pale underparts with dark marks on their belly but western birds can be dark brown, buff, or reddish-brown below. Young birds have brown tails with darks barring.

In flight, all Red-tailed Hawks show a large, somewhat square-shaped, pale area near the tips of their wings.

This species preys on a variety of small animals including squirrels, rats, mice, snakes, and birds. It catches prey by swooping down from a perch or from soaring flight.

Red-tailed Hawks build a messy stick nest high in a tree or on the ledge of a building.

They use a wide range of habitats in Alaska and the United States, much of Canada, Mexico, the Caribbean, and parts of Central America.

Key Identifications:

  • Large, hefty hawk with a reddish tail and dark marks on its pale belly.
  • Preys on small mammals, snakes, and birds.
  • Builds a bulky stick nest high in a tree.
  • Makes loud, jay-like, ringing calls, “keeeyah!”.

The Red-tailed Hawk is a hefty hawk with long broad wings, a broad reddish tail, and dark marks on its pale belly. In most places, this is the big hawk seen perched next to and soaring over roads and fields. The “raptor scream” often heard in movies and television shows is the call of the Red-tailed Hawk.

 

Cooper’s Hawk

Cooper's Hawk

Scientific name: Accipiter cooperii

Speed: 21-55 miles per hour
Length & Weight:
16.5 inches, 1 pound
Wingspan: 31 inches
Call: 
kek kek kek kek kek!”

The Cooper’s Hawk is a fair-sized hawk with a long, rounded tail and a blocky, square-shaped head. Adults are blue-gray above and have orange barring below.

Both sexes look similar, although females are larger. They also often show a dark cap, have pale grayish on their face and side of the neck, and dark banding on their tail.

Young birds are shaped like adults but are dark brown above, have paler brown on the head, and fine dark streaking on pale underparts.

In flight, this species uses its rounded wings to make a few deep flaps followed by a brief glide. Their sharp talons are made for hunting!

Cooper’s Hawks prey on doves and other medium-sized birds (including songbirds), and small mammals. It usually catches them on the ground and frequently attacks near bird feeders.

Cooper’s Hawks build a bulky stick nest high in a tree and often nest in parks.

This species lives in a variety of wooded and semi-wooded habitats in southern Canada, most of the USA (including Arizona), and in parts of Mexico.

Key Identifications:

  • Fair-sized hawk with orange barring below, blue-gray above, and a long rounded tail.
  • Preys on small mammals and starlings and dove-sized birds in woodlands, parks, and towns.
  • Builds a bulky stick nest high in a tree.
  • Usually quiet, but when breeding, it makes a loud barking call, “kek kek kek kek kek!”

In many areas, it has become adapted to people and catches birds and small mammals in woodlands and towns. The pesticide DDT caused large declines in Cooper’s Hawk populations in the 1950s and 60s but, since then, this species has regained its numbers and become a common bird.

 

Gray Hawk

Gray Hawk

© Dominic Sherony

Scientific name: Buteo plagiatus

Speed: around 22 to 28 miles per hour
Length & Weight:
20 inches, 1.05 pounds
Wingspan: 35 inches
Call:
“Keeeear!”

The Gray Hawk is a smallish raptor around the same size as a crow. Adults look the same and have blue-gray backs with gray barring below and have a longish black and white tail.

Juveniles are dark brown above and have a black and yellow beak. They also have a white face with a dark mark through each eye, dark mark on each side of the throat, narrow white rump, and dark brown streaks and markings on white underparts.

In flight, Gray Hawks use medium-length wings to soar and make a few deep flaps between glides.

This species feeds on lizards, small birds, and other small animals. It catches prey on the ground and from vegetation after a quick, brief chase.

Gray Hawks build a bulky stick nest high in trees, they can be found in cottonwood forests.

This raptor is a tropical species that lives in southeastern Arizona and parts of southern Texas south to Costa Rica. They are common hawks in Arizona.

Key Identifications:

  • Crow-sized, gray-plumaged hawk with a black and white tail and gray barring below.
  • Preys on reptiles and other small animals in arid and subtropical habitats.
  • Builds a messy, stick nest high in a tree.
  • Quite vocal. Gray Hawks make a clear, descending call, “Keeeear!”. It also makes loud, repeated whistles,“keree, keree, keree, keree”.

Gray Hawks are crow-sized, gray or brown, streaked raptors of riparian zones and other subtropical habitats. They prey on reptiles, birds, and other small animals. In reference to its shape and range, this species used to be known as the “Mexican Goshawk”.

 

Northern Harrier

Northern Harrier

Scientific name: Circus hudsonius

Speed: 21-38 miles per hour
Length & Weight:
18 inches, 15 ounces
Wingspan: 43 inches
Call: 
che che che che che che

The Northern Harrier is a fair-sized, unique hawk with long wings, a long tail, and a white rump. Adult males have gray upperparts, head, and breast. They also have some pale brown spotting on their underparts and black tips on their wings.

Females are dark brown above and have dark brown streaks on pale underparts. Young birds are also dark brown above but have deep orange-buff underparts.

All Northern Harriers have a white rump and glide low over the ground on long wings held in a “V” shape.

This species prey on small animals caught on the ground, sometimes after hovering.

It uses grass and other vegetation to make a shallow platform nest on the ground, in thick wetland or grassland areas.

Northern Harriers breed in dense vegetation and open habitats in Alaska, Canada, California, and the northern and central USA, including Arizona. They winter in much of the USA, Mexico, and rarely to northern South America.

Key Identifications:

  • Distinctive long-winged, long-tailed hawk with a white rump.
  • Glides low over the ground to catch rodents and other small animals in marshes and other open grassy habitats.
  • Builds a platform nest on the ground, in tall thick grass.
  • Makes a repetitive, woodpecker-like call, “che che che che che che

Northern Harriers are long-tailed, long-winged hawks with white rumps. They glide low over the ground of grasslands and marshes to hunt for small animals. This bird and the Hen Harrier of northern Eurasia used to be considered the same species, but despite their similar appearance, studies have shown that the Northern Harrier is a distinct species.

 

Swainson’s Hawk

Swainson's Hawk

Scientific name: Buteo swainsoni

Speed: 15-60 miles per hour
Length & Weight:
19 inches, 1.9 pounds
Wingspan: 51 inches
Call:
 “eeeah!

The Swainson’s Hawk is a big hawk with dark-brown upperparts, long, pointed wings with dark flight feathers, and a broad tail with fine dark barring and a dark tip. Males and females are similar although females are larger.

Adults can have a white throat, front, wing linings, and underparts with a red-brown breast. They can also have a white throat and front, and reddish brown underparts and wing linings, or be entirely dark brown.

Young birds can have dark markings on pale underparts or be mostly dark below.

This species catches grasshoppers and small animals on the ground. It forages by soaring and then swooping down or walking on the ground. They are not fussy eaters, and are known to even go after Burrowing Owls.

It builds a bulky stick nests on trees or utility poles.

Swainson’s Hawks breed in grasslands, meadows, and other open habitats in central and western Canada and the USA, including Arizona. They migrate through the central USA and winter in grasslands in Argentina. A few also migrate and winter in southern Florida.

Key Identifications:

  • Large, long-winged hawk with dark flight feathers and a broad tail with fine dark banding and a dark tip.
  • Feeds on insects and small animals in prairies and other open habitats.
  • Builds a bulky stick nest in a tree.
  • Makes a loud, descending, single note, “eeeah!”.

It soars above and perches in trees, and on the ground in prairies and other open habitats. This species migrates from western North America all the way to the grasslands in Argentina. During migrations, they can be seen in groups also known as kettles.

 

Harris’s Hawk

harris's-hawk in flight

Scientific name: Parabuteo unicinctus

Speed: 22-28 miles per hour
Length & Weight:
20 inches, 1.5 pounds
Wingspan: 44 inches
Call:
“kleeah, klee, klee, klee, klee”

The Harris’s Hawk is a large, dark brown and reddish-brown hawk with a long black and white tail, and much yellow on the base of its beak. Males and females look alike although females are larger.

This raptor species is dark brown with reddish-brown on its shoulders and thighs, has a white undertail, and a longish, black and white tail.

Young birds are like adults but have a paler tail, paler flight feathers, and dark streaks on their underparts.

This hawk soars and makes slow, deep flaps on fairly long, broad wings.

This species feeds on a variety of medium-sized mammals, reptiles, and birds. It catches them by swooping down from a perch or from low flight.

The Harris’s Hawk builds a bulky stick nest in a large cactus or a tree.

Harris’s Hawks live in the desert and subtropical habitats from Texas and parts of the southwestern USA south to Argentina.

Key Identifications:

  • Large, dark brown and reddish-brown hawk with a long black and white tail.
  • Preys on rabbits and other small animals and birds.
  • Builds a bulky stick nest in a large cactus or other sturdy structure.
  • Makes ringing, rather high-pitched calls, “kleeah, klee, klee, klee, klee”.

The Harris’s Hawk is a big, dark brown and reddish-brown hawk with a long black and white tail. They live in arid and subtropical habitats and often occur in small groups. In Arizona and other desert habitats, several members of this species cooperate and hunt together to catch rabbits and other animals.

 

Zone-tailed Hawk

Zone-tailed Hawk

Scientific name: Buteo albonotatus

Speed: around 22 to 28 miles per hour
Length & Weight:
20 inches, 2 pounds
Wingspan: 50 inches
Call:
“reeeeyah!”

The Zone-tailed Hawk is a medium to large, slender, black hawk with long wings and a longish, black and white tail. Both sexes are similar, but females are larger. Their wings also have grayish, barred flight feathers and a dark trailing edge, and they have a black and yellow beak.

Juvenile birds look like adults but have grayer flight feathers and fine black banding in their tails.

This raptor species soars on long wings held in a “V” shape and often flies with the similar Turkey Vulture.

Zone-tailed Hawks prey on small mammals, birds, and small reptiles. They forage by mimicking a Turkey Vulture so they can sneak up on and catch animals in vegetation and on the ground.

This species builds a stick nest high in a tree or on a cliff.

The Zone-tailed Hawk lives in shrubby and forested habitats in the American southwest south to Bolivia.

Key Identifications:

  • Black, slender raptor that flies like a Turkey Vulture and has long wings and a longish, black and white tail.
  • Catches birds and other small animals on the ground and in the tops of bushes and trees.
  • Builds a stick nest on a cliff or in a tall tree.
  • Makes a long, drawn out, somewhat hoarse, “reeeeyah!”.

The Zone-tailed Hawk is a black hawk that flies like a Turkey Vulture and has long wings and a longish black and white tail. They live in shrubby arid habitats and tropical forests from the American southwest south to Bolivia. This species often catches small animals trying to escape from fires in grassy and shrubby habitats.

 

Sharp-shinned Hawk

Sharp Shinned Hawk

Scientific name: Accipiter striatus

Speed: 16-60 miles per hour
Length & Weight:
11 inches, 5 ounces
Wingspan: 23 inches
Call:
 “kew kew kew kew kew kew kew kew

The Sharp-shinned Hawk is a small hawk with a long, rectangular tail and rounded wings. Adults have blue-gray upperparts, orange barring on their underparts, and dark bands on their tail.

Females are larger than males, and young birds are dark brown above with thick brown streaks on pale underparts.

This species flies with several quick wing beats followed by brief glides. When flying, its head doesn’t stick out as much as a Cooper’s Hawk and it shows a square-tipped tail.

The Sharp-shinned Hawk preys on small birds up to the size of an American Robin. It mostly catches birds around the same size as sparrows, warblers, and vireos by quickly flying and catching them in vegetation.

This hawk builds a bulky stick nest high in a conifer.

Sharp-shinned Hawks live in wooded habitats in Alaska, much of Canada and the USA, Mexico, parts of Central America, the Caribbean, and parts of South America. They stay year-round in the Coconino National Forest.

Key Identifications: 

  • Small hawk with rounded wings and a long, rectangular tail.
  • Preys on small birds in woodland habitats.
  • Builds bulky stick nest high in a conifer.
  • Usually quiet but on breeding grounds makes falcon-like, repeated ringing calls “kew kew kew kew kew kew kew kew”.

This small hawk with a long, rectangular tail breeds in coniferous forests and winters in a range of wooded habitats. It often attacks small birds at feeders. The Sharp-shinned Hawk gets its name from its thin legs that have angled, “sharp” shins.

 

Common Black Hawk

Common Black Hawk

Scientific name: Buteogallus anthracinus

Speed: around 22 to 28 miles per hour
Length & Weight:
19 inches, 2.1 pounds
Wingspan: 50 inches
Call:
“klick kee kee keep kickakip”

The Common Black Hawk is a bulky black hawk that has a short, broad tail with one wide white band and a narrow white tip. Males and females look similar, but females are larger.

Young birds are dark brown above and have dark brown streaks on buff underparts. They also have a buff face with a dark line through each eye, a dark brown mark on each side of their throat, and a pale tail with fine black barring.

The Common Black Hawk soars on broad wings with a dark outline and a pale “crescent” on the base of the primaries. Young birds have a large pale patch near their wing tips.

This raptor catches fish, amphibians, insects, and other small animals on the ground, in and near streams and other wetlands.

The Common Black Hawk lives in gallery forests in parts of Arizona and near lowland wetland habitats in Mexico, Central America, and northern South America.

Key Identifications:

  • Big, bulky black hawk with a short, broad, black and white tail.
  • Preys on fish, crustaceans, insects, and many other small animals.
  • Builds a bulky stick nest in a tree.
  • Makes repeated, high-pitched whistled calls, “klick kee kee keep kickakip”.

The Common Black-Hawk is a big, bulky hawk with a short, broad, black and white tail and black plumage or buff plumage with dark brown markings. It frequents gallery woodlands along streams and tropical woodlands next to other wetland habitats. When hunting in water, they can wade in the water and use their wings to drive prey to a spot where the small animals are easier to catch.

 

Ferruginous Hawk

Ferruginous Hawk

Photograph © Tom Grey.

Scientific name: Buteo regalis

Speed: up to 150 miles per hour
Length & Weight:
23 inches, 2.3 pounds
Wingspan: 55 inches
Call:
“reeaaaauh!”

The Ferruginous Hawk is a big hawk with a pale tail, long wings, bright yellow eyes, and feathered legs. There are two color morphs.

Adults can be white below with red-brown on their wing linings and flanks. They also have reddish-brown legs and are reddish-brown and pale gray above. Dark morphs are dark brown with a pale tail and pale flight feathers.

Juveniles are paler below and lack reddish-brown colors.

In flight, this hawk soars with wings held in a shallow “V.” Pale primary patches are also visible on the upper sides of each wing.

The Ferruginous Hawk preys on prairie dogs, ground squirrels, cottontail rabbits, and other mammals but can also catch waterfowl. It waits on the ground, low perch, or flying low and then snatching prey with its talons.

It builds a big, bulky stick nest in a lone tree, or on a rock outcropping or other structure.

This raptor lives in wide open habitats in south-central Canada, the western USA, and northern Mexico. They are common hawks in Arizona.

Key Identifications:

  • Big pale or dark hawk with long wings and a pale tail.
  • Preys on prairie dogs, other mammals, and waterfowl in wide open habitats.
  • Builds a big and bulky stick nest in an isolated tree or other structure.
  • Makes a hoarse, descending call, “reeaaaauh!”.

The Ferruginous Hawk is a big, eagle-like, pale raptor with reddish-brown and gray upperparts. It can also be dark brown with a pale tail and pale flight feathers, and lives in prairies and other wide open habitats. “Ferruginous” means “rust-colored” and refers to the reddish plumage on their backs and legs.

 

Northern Goshawk

Northern Goshawk

© Andrey Gulivanov

Scientific name: Accipiter atricapillus

Speed: 30-40 miles per hour
Length & Weight:
19 inches, 2 pounds
Wingspan: 40 inches
Call:
“kip kip kip”

The Northern Goshawk is a large, hefty hawk with a long, banded tail, and rounded wings. Adults look similar, but females can be 25% larger. Both sexes are gray above and white below with fine gray barring. They also have a dark cap and cheek, red eyes, and a white eyebrow.

Young birds are dark brown above with some pale spotting, have a pale eyebrows, uneven dark bands on their tail, and heavily streaked underparts.

In flight, Northern Goshawks make a few deep flaps followed by long glides.

This powerful raptor preys on squirrels, jackrabbits, and other small mammals, grouse, woodpeckers, and many other mid-sized birds. They catch prey on the ground or by quickly flying through vegetation to grasp the unlucky animal with their talons.

This species builds a bulky stick nest high in a tree.

In North America, Northern Goshawks live in coniferous and other wild wooded habitats in Alaska, Canada, parts of the northern and western USA, including Arizona, and northern Mexico.

Key Identifications:

  • Hefty, long-tailed hawk with gray plumage or brown, streaked plumage, and a white eyebrow.
  • Preys on fair-sized birds and mammals in coniferous forest habitats.
  • Builds a bulky, stick nest high in a tree.
  • Makes a repeated call, “kip kip kip kip kip kip kip kip kip kip kip”.

The Northern Goshawk is a large, long-tailed, hefty gray or brown-streaked hawk with a white eyebrow. Pairs hunt for medium-sized birds and mammals in coniferous forest habitats. This powerful raptor is very defensive of its nest and won’t hesitate to attack people and animals that venture too close.

 

Rare Hawks in Arizona

Red-shouldered Hawk

Red-shouldered Hawk pair

© Tom Grey

Scientific name: Buteo lineatus

Speed: 18-34 miles per hour
Length & Weight:
17 inches, 1.4 pounds
Wingspan: 40 inches
Call: 
keer keer keer keer keer!

The Red-shouldered Hawk is a medium-sized hawk with reddish-orange underparts and shoulder and black and white on its wings and tail.

Both sexes are similar, but as with most raptors, females are larger than males. Young birds are brown above and have dark streaks on pale underparts.

In flight, all ages of this hawk species are best recognized by their longish, black and white tail and long wings with a pale crescent-shaped mark near the tip of the wing.

Red-shouldered Hawks prey on snakes, frogs, and other small animals. They forage by waiting on a perch and then swooping down to catch the animal on the ground.

This species builds a bulky stick nest high in a tree in wooded and semi-wooded areas, often near wetlands.

The Red-shouldered Hawk lives in a variety of woodland habitats in southeastern Canada, the eastern USA, including Arizona, California, southeastern Oregon, and Baja California, Mexico.

Key Identifications:

  • Medium-sized, colorful hawk with reddish-orange underparts and shoulder, and black and white upperparts and tail.
  • Forages for snakes and other small animals on the ground in woodland habitats.
  • Builds a bulky stick nest high in a tree.
  • Makes loud, jay-like, ringing calls, “keer keer keer keer keer!

The Red-shouldered Hawk is a medium-sized hawk with reddish underparts and shoulder and a black and white tail. This raptor lives in a variety of wooded areas and even wooded neighborhoods in California and Florida. This species can join American Crows to harass and chase away Great-horned Owls.

 

Short-tailed Hawk

Short Tailed Hawk

Scientific name: Buteo brachyurus

Speed: 20-40 miles per hour
Length & Weight:
16 inches, 15 ounces
Wingspan: 37 inches
Call:
 “reeeeeee!”

The Short-tailed Hawk is a small soaring raptor with two color morphs. It can have a hooded appearance and be dark above and pale below, or be mostly black. Both sexes look similar, although females are larger than males.

In flight, it has a squared tail with some fine dark bands and long wings with dark barring on the flight feathers and a thick dark trailing edge.

Young birds resemble adults but have a few marks on their breast or pale spotting below.

This species feeds on small birds, reptiles, and large insects. It catches prey by flying high in the air and then quickly dropping down to snatch the animal in vegetation or on the ground.

Short-tailed Hawks build a bulky stick nest high in a tree.

This tropical species uses forest and semi-open habitats from Mexico to Brazil. However, in North America, it is resident in Florida and a rare vagrant to southern Texas.

Key Identifications:

  • A small soaring hawk that is dark above and pale below or mostly black.
  • Preys on small birds, lizards, and other small animals in various subtropical habitats of Florida.
  • Builds a bulky stick next high in a tree.
  • Makes a drawn-out clear call, “reeeeeee!”, usually while soaring high overhead.

The Short-tailed Hawk is a small soaring raptor with two color morphs; birds that are pale below and dark above or mostly black. They swoop down on small birds and other small animals in treetops in a variety of tropical habitats in Florida. In the USA, this species is restricted to Florida where 500 or so birds occur and migrate to the southern part of the state for the winter.

 

Rough-legged Hawk

Rough-legged Hawk

Photograph © Tom Grey

Scientific name: Buteo lagopus

Speed: 22-28 miles per hour
Length & Weight:
22 inches, 1.3 to 3.6 pounds
Wingspan: 53 inches
Call:
“reeaaaauh!”

The Rough-legged Hawk is a long-winged hawk with a black and white tail. There are two color morphs; both with broad white patches near dark wing tips, and a longish pale tail with a broad black tip.

Pale females and juveniles are pale gray-brown with a black belly and black “wrists” in their wings. Pale adult males are more cold gray, have less black on their belly, and heavily streaked breasts.

Dark females and juveniles are dark brown except for their tails and flight feathers. Dark adult males are black except for their flight feathers and tail.

In flight, this species holds its wings in a shallow “V.” Rough-legged Hawks soar and hover over open fields where they prey on voles, lemmings, and other small animals.

It builds a bulky nest on a cliff or rocky outcropping.

The Rough-legged Hawk breeds in tundra in Alaska, northern Canada, and northern Eurasia and winters in open fields in southern Canada, the northern, central, and western USA, including Arizona, Europe, and Asia.

Key Identifications:

  • Big hawk with a longish black and white tail, and long wings with broad white patches near the dark wing tips.
  • Preys on rodents and other small animals in wide open habitats.
  • Builds a big, bulky nest on cliffs and rocky outcroppings in tundra.
  • Makes a loud, clear descending call, “reeaaaauh!”.

The Rough-legged Hawk is a big, long-winged hawk with a black and white tail and broad white patches near the tips of their wings. They hover and soar over weedy fields and other open habitats to hunt for rodents and birds. This species is one of the only hawks in North America that has feathers on its legs.

 

Broad-winged Hawk

Broad-Winged Hawk

Scientific name: Buteo platypterus

Speed: 20-40 miles per hour
Length & Weight:
15 inches, 14 ounces
Wingspan: 34 inches
Call: 
sipeeeeeeeee

The Broad-winged Hawk is a smallish raptor around the same size as a crow. Adults are dark brown above, have dark, reddish-brown barring below, and a broad tail with a few wide, white bands.

Both sexes look the same and have a thick dark mark on each side of their throat, although females are larger.  Young birds have dark brown streaks on pale underparts.

In flight, this species often soars, shows a broad black and white tail, and has long wings shaped like a “paring knife” that also has a dark trailing edge.

This raptor preys on voles, frogs, insects, and other small animals. It catches food by waiting on a perch and then quickly swooping down to the ground.

Broad-winged Hawks make a bulky stick nest high in a tree.

This small hawk breeds in forest habitats in central and southeastern Canada and much of the eastern USA. It winters in southern Florida and Mexico south to Bolivia.

Key Identifications:

  • Chunky, smallish, crow-sized hawk with a few white bands on its tail and underparts with brown barring or streaks.
  • Preys on insects and small animals in woodland habitats.
  • Builds a bulky nest high in a tree.
  • Makes a high-pitched call, “sipeeeeeeeee

This chunky, crow-sized hawk has a few prominent white bands on its broad tail and either dark barring below or dark streaks. It often soars above and near woodland habitats. In southern Texas and some other places, thousands of Broad-winged Hawks can be seen as they migrate between breeding and tropical wintering grounds.

 

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the most common hawk in Arizona?

The most common hawk in Arizona is the Red-tailed Hawk. This year-round resident can be spotted near open habitats.

Are there hawks in Arizona?

There are many hawks in Arizona. In total, 15 hawk species have been found in the state, and several hawks are common and easy to see.

Are there hawks or eagles in Arizona?

There are hawks and eagles in Arizona. Several species of hawks occur, and the Bald Eagle and Golden Eagle live in the state.

What are the rare hawks in Arizona?

The rare hawks in Arizona include rare migrants such as the Broad-winged Hawk and Rough-legged Hawk, and uncommon resident species like the Common Black-Hawk, and the Northern Goshawk.

About the Author

Patrick O'Donnell

Patrick O'Donnell has been focused on all things avian since the age of 7. Since then, he has helped with ornithological field work in the USA and Peru, and has guided many birding tours, especially in Costa Rica. He develops birding apps for BirdingFieldGuides and loves to write about birds, especially in his adopted country of Costa Rica.

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