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Arizona Bird Watching and Feeding Information

Arizona is well known as one of the best states for feeding and watching birds. Southeastern Arizona is a popular location for birders and is home to several tropical species that reach the limit of their northern range in the southern part of the state.

Hummingbirds are readily attracted to feeders and offer hours of entertainment.

Dry and hot conditions in part of the state make birdbaths, misters and drippers especially effective in attracting a variety of species.

The Nifty Fifty

The Nifty Fifty is a mini-guide to the birds of Arizona. It includes descriptions, images, video and songs of 50 of the most often observed birds of Arizona. View the guide by clicking here or on the Nifty Fifty link on the left.

If the guide does not load, try downloading the free Flash player.


cactus wren

The Cactus Wren is the Arizona state bird.

Bird feeding

Developing bird-friendly habitat in your yard is the best way to attract a greater variety of species and to support local and migrating species. Native plants provide food and cover, are more insect and disease resistant than non-native species, and may require less water. A list of bird-friendly native plants for Arizona are available by following the link on the left.


All three bluebird species can be found in Arizona. with their ranges expanding in the winter months.

Eastern Bluebirds are limited to a very small region in the southeastern corner of the state.

The Mountain Bluebird winters in the western and southern part of the state and has an extended summer range that extends throughout the entire state.

The Western Bluebird winters in much of the western half of the state and has an extended summer range throughout the entire state.

eastern bluebird

Eastern Bluebird


mountain bluebird

Mountain Bluebird


western bluebird

Western Bluebird

In Arizona, nesting can commence as early as March and can continue well into the summer. Two and sometimes three broods may be produced.

Watch for House Sparrows trying to use the next box and immediately remove any House Sparrow nesting material.

Visit the bluebird section of this site for information on attracting bluebirds.


Arizona could safely be called the hummingbird state, with southeast Arizona serving as the capital. Late summer may be the best time for hummingbirds, and birders flock to the area just to enjoy the abundance and diversity of hummingbirds.

Eighteen different species of hummingbirds have been recorded in the state, including several very rare species.

1. Violet-crowned Hummingbird - rare

2. Berylline Hummingbird - rare

3. Cinnamon Hummingbird - very rare

4. Broad-billed Hummingbird

5. White-eared Hummingbird - rare

6. Magnificent Hummingbird

7. Blue-throated Hummingbird

8. Plain-capped Starthroat - rare

9. Lucifer Hummingbird - uncommon

10. Ruby-throated Hummingbird - very rare this far west.

11. Black-chinned Hummingbird

12. Anna's Hummingbird

13. Costa's Hummingbird

14. Rufous Hummingbird

15. Allen's Hummingbird

16. Broad-tailed Hummingbird

17.Calliope Hummingbird

18. Bumblebee Hummingbird - very rare

violet-crowned hummingbird

The Violet-crowned Hummingbird is an uncommon and local summer resident in Arizona.


Purple Martins

Purple Martins are a summer resident in parts of Arizona, typically nesting in natural cavities. Purple Martins are not managed in man-made housing in Arizona. In the eastern U.S., Purple Martins rely almost exclusively on man-made housing.

pueple martin

Purple Martin, male

Birding in Arizona

The birding section of this site has tips on birding locations and bird identification. The state-based birding information section provides more localized information.

Arizona Resource Information

Southeastern Arizona Bird Observatory - highly recommended.

Arizona Game and Fish Department

Desert Rivers Audubon Society
1048 E. Tuckey Lane
Phoenix, AZ 85014

Huachuca Audubon Society
P.O. Box 63
Sierra Vista, AZ 85636

Maricopa Audubon Society
PO Box 15451
Phoenix, AZ 85060

Northern Arizona Audubon Society
PO Box 1496
Sedona, AZ 86339

Prescott Audubon Society
PO Box 4156
Prescott, AZ 86302