Scientific name: Vermivora celata
The four subspecies of Orange-crowned Warbler occur in riparian thickets and dense woodland understory. During migration and winter, the Orange-crowned Warbler often joins mixed-species flocks of other warblers, kinglets, and chickadees.
The nests of Orange-crowned Warblers are only very rarely parasitized by Brown-headed Cowbirds. Banding studies have shown a few Orange-crowned Warblers reaching the age of six years. Individuals tend to return to breeding territories in subsequent years.