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Gray Kingbird

Known for their vocalizations, these birds can be found across Central America.

Range limited to coastal Florida.


Description of the Gray Kingbird


The Gray Kingbird has pale gray upperparts and crown, darker wings and tail, a black mask through the eye, and white underparts.

Gray Kingbird

Photograph Greg Lavaty


Sexes similar.

Seasonal change in appearance



Similar to adults.


Roadsides and partially wooded areas.


Insects and berries.


Forages by flying out from a perch to capture flying insects.


Breeds in much of coastal Florida, the Keys and winters in the Caribbean.

Fun Facts

Male Gray Kingbirds are most aggressive in territory defense around sunrise.

Gray Kingbirds frequently eject cowbird eggs laid in their nests.


A buzzy, two-syllable song with an accented second syllable is given.


Similar Species


The nest is a cup of weeds, twigs, and other plant materials and is placed in mangrove branches or in taller trees.

Number: 3-4. ?
Color: Pale pink with darker markings.

Incubation and fledging:
– Young hatch at 14-16 days.
– Young fledge (leave the nest) in 16-18 days after hatching but remain with the adults for some time.


Bent Life History of the Gray Kingbird

About the Author

Sam Crowe

Sam is the founder of He has been birding for over 30 years and has a world list of over 2000 species. He has served as treasurer of the Texas Ornithological Society, Sanctuary Chair of Dallas Audubon, Editor of the Cornell Lab of Ornithology's "All About Birds" web site and as a contributing editor for Birding Business magazine. Many of his photographs and videos can be found on the site.

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