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Many bird species have a strong affinity for a particular habitat. Some species have become so adapted to a specific habitat they would not be able to survive in another.

A duck needs water, of course, but other species have their own habitat preferences. Select from one of the habitats or locations on the right to see species often associated with that location.

Tundra Swan


Beaches and shorelines – Shoreline birds are often seen foraging either in shallow water or on sandy areas. These birds generally have longer legs and bills that help them to forage more efficiently.

Lakes and rivers – Bodies of water have incredibly versatile populations. While most people associate ducks with water, there are so many different species to see!

Sides of trees – Did you see a bird on the side of a tree? Was it a woodpecker or someone smaller?

Treetops – Many species prefer treetops, and for various reasons. These are some of the more common birds you can see there.

Ground – Ground-dwelling birds can be tricky to identify. These are the main bird types you can see on the ground in your backyard and parks.

Flying – We often see birds flying, but it’s easy to identify their flying style. Are they gliding or flapping their wigs? Do you see them swoop down or perhaps land on a branch?

Roadsides – Did you see a bird on a roadside? This isn’t as uncommon as you’d think. Many species can be spotted there – from hawks to smaller ground-dwelling birds looking to cross the road.

Feeders – Backyard feeders are bird magnets. Wilder species do not usually come to feeders, but Northern Cardinals, Blue Jays, and Black-capped Chickadees are usual visitors. During summertime, you can try your luck with hummingbird feeders!

Open fields – Different species prefer different habitats. We can often see smaller birds and even some larger ones.

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