Scientific name: Piranga olivacea
A brilliantly colored bird of large eastern forests, the Scarlet Tanager is most often heard rather than seen, despite its showy appearance. It is a persistent singer, often from the tops of trees. Scarlet Tanagers are nocturnal migrants, and the males usually arrive several weeks earlier than females in the spring.
Nest parasitism by the Brown-headed Cowbird is variable in occurrence across the breeding range of the Scarlet Tanager, ranging from about ten to seventy-five percent. Large, unfragmented forests generally have the lowest parasitism rates.