The Common Redpoll is a very small finch, heavily streaked on the flanks and upperparts. It has a reddish cap, a black face, and a short, conical, yellow bill.
Males have pink or rosy red breasts.
Visit the Bent Life History for detailed information.
FemaleFemales lack the pink breast.
Seasonal change in appearanceNone.
JuvenileSimilar to adult females.
HabitatCommon Redpolls occur in birch forests and thickets, and in weedy areas during winter.
DietPrimarily seeds, with some insects consumed during the summer.
BehaviorAn active forager in weeds, shrubs, or trees, redpolls are usually found in flocks outside of the breeding season.
Common Redpolls breed in Alaska and Canada, and winter across much of the northern half of the U.S.
Bent Life History
Visit the Bent Life History for extensive additional information on the Common Redpoll.
A true bird of the north, redpolls can survive harsh winters despite their small size.
In some years, redpolls occur much farther south than in other years, probably due to food availability.
VocalizationsThe song is a series of repeated notes or trills, and a variety of calls are given as well, including a rapid "chit chit chit".
The nest is an open cup of small sticks, grasses and moss, often lined with feathers. It is usually placed near the ground in a small shrub.
EggsNumber: Usually lay 4-5 eggs.
Color: Pale greenish and marked with purple and brown.
Incubation and fledging:
The young hatch at about 10-11 days, and leave the nest in another 12 days, though continuing to associate with the adults for some time.