State Bird of Indiana: Northern Cardinal

Indiana, a Midwestern state, is 38th largest by area and 17th most populated. Its state bird, the Northern Cardinal, is a vibrant red songbird.

The Northern Cardinal, captivates with its red beauty and aids ecosystems by controlling pests and dispersing seeds.

History of Indiana State Bird

State birds in 7 U.S. states, turn vibrant red from carotenoids, may turn yellow due to xanthochroism, symbolizing sports teams' fierceness.

Facts about The Indiana State Bird

Medium-sized songbird, vibrant red males, smaller brown females, widespread in the Americas, nests in various habitats.


Northern Cardinal nests are cup-shaped, 2-3 inches tall, 4 inches wide, hidden 1-15 feet above with 2-5 eggs having grayish tones and blotches.


Northern Cardinals communicate with diverse vocalizations like metallic chips and distinctive 2-3 second songs (e.g., whoit-whoit, purdy-purdy).


Vibrant purple face, white "eyebrows," green-white plumage. Males sing thin, high-pitched whistle-like notes.

Breeding Male

Lined Circle

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