State Bird of Indiana: Northern Cardinal

Indiana, a Midwestern state, is 38th largest by area and 17th most populated. Its state bird, the Northern Cardinal, is a vibrant red songbird.

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The Northern Cardinal, captivates with its red beauty and aids ecosystems by controlling pests and dispersing seeds.

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History of Indiana State Bird

State birds in 7 U.S. states, turn vibrant red from carotenoids, may turn yellow due to xanthochroism, symbolizing sports teams' fierceness.

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Facts about The Indiana State Bird

Medium-sized songbird, vibrant red males, smaller brown females, widespread in the Americas, nests in various habitats.

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Identification

Northern Cardinal nests are cup-shaped, 2-3 inches tall, 4 inches wide, hidden 1-15 feet above with 2-5 eggs having grayish tones and blotches.

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Nest

Northern Cardinals communicate with diverse vocalizations like metallic chips and distinctive 2-3 second songs (e.g., whoit-whoit, purdy-purdy).

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Call

Vibrant purple face, white "eyebrows," green-white plumage. Males sing thin, high-pitched whistle-like notes.

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Breeding Male

Lined Circle
Arrow

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