1. Provide water for your birds in a bird bath, small pond or other water feature. Remember that moving water is a magnet for birds.  Add a water heater in the winter to provide open water.  Pumps or the birdbath may need to be drained if a heater is not used.

2. Although it may be shocking to see a hawk taking a bird in your backyard, there is no need for alarm. High mortality rates are normal for songbirds and balance their high reproductive rates.

3. Select a variety of trees and shrubs for your yard to provide food, shelter and nesting sites for birds year-round.

4. Remember that birds prefer feeders that give them easy access to food. Some feeders designed to keep squirrels and larger birds away often receive fewer visits from small birds as well. Always choose a bird feeder that has high bird appeal and, if necessary, use baffles or other methods to keep squirrels away. Then make sure all feeding ports and feeding areas are kept clear of debris so your birds have easy access to food.