Scientific name: Buteo jamaicensis
Showing extraordinary adaptability with regard to climate and habitat, the Red-tailed Hawk is one of the most widely distributed birds in North America. Birds in northern areas of its breeding range migrate south for the winter. More than a dozen subspecies of Red-tailed Hawk vary somewhat in plumage, and intergrades between them occur.
Resident Red-tailed Hawks usually mate for life, but will rapidly form a new pair if one bird dies. They have a strong tendency to nest in the same general area from one year to the next. The oldest known wild Red-tail was over 21 years old.