Red-breasted Nuthatch

Scientific name: Sitta canadensis

Normally a resident of fir and spruce forests, the Red-breasted Nuthatch wanders widely to the south during winter in some years. The Red-breasted Nuthatch’s more nasal voice, white eyeline, and red belly all help distinguish it from the widespread White-breasted Nuthatch.

Like other nuthatches, the Red-breasted Nuthatch is a cavity nester, and the male and female that make up a pair roost together at night in their cavity during the breeding season. They also apply sticky pine resin around the entrance to the cavity, perhaps to discourage predators.