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Description of the Kentucky Warbler


The Kentucky Warbler has greenish upperparts, a yellow throat and underparts, and a black patch below yellow spectacles.

Males have a more extensive black patch on the face and neck.  Length: 5 in.  Wingspan: 8 in.

kentucky warbler


Females have less black on the face and neck.


kentucky warbler

Seasonal change in appearance

Fall birds have less black on the face and neck.


Fall immatures have little or no black on the face and neck.


Kentucky Warblers inhabit moist woodlands with undergrowth.


Kentucky Warblers eat insects.


Kentucky Warblers forage on the ground among leaf litter.


Kentucky Warblers breed across much of the eastern U.S. They winter in Mexico, Central America, and South America. The population has declined in recent decades.

More information:

Bent Life History

Visit the Bent Life History for extensive additional information on the Kentucky Warbler.

Fun Facts

Kentucky Warblers have a loud song, but are somewhat shy and hard to see. Early in the breeding season, they sing persistently.

Kentucky Warblers are territorial on their wintering grounds as well as their breeding grounds.

The song of the Kentucky Warbler can be confused with that of the Carolina Wren.


The song is a series of rapid, two-note phrases.  A "chuk" call is also given.


The Kentucky Warbler’s nest is a cup of leaves, grass stems, and weeds and is lined with finer materials. It is placed on or near the ground near a shrub or grass clump.

Number: Usually lay 4-5 eggs.
Color: Whitish with darker markings.

Incubation and fledging:
The young hatch at about 11-13 days and fledge at about 8-10 days, though remaining dependent on the adults for some time.