Scientific name: Sturnus vulgaris
Quick to tolerate human activity, the European Starling has adapted well to nesting in structures such as signs and buildings with suitable crevices. Many people don’t look close enough to notice, but the plumage of European Starlings varies throughout the year, with summer and fall birds showing white spots, which wear away by spring leaving mostly black plumage.
European Starlings often return to the same nest sites in subsequent years, and they are relatively long-lived for a small songbird, with a record of over 17 years in North America and 21 years in Germany. Starlings often gather in communal roosts at night, and travel some distance to foraging areas during the day.