Scientific name: Haliaeetus leucocephalus
Benjamin Franklin preferred the Wild Turkey to be the national symbol of the U.S., but the Bald Eagle was ultimately chosen. After nearly being lost across most of the U.S. due largely to the use of the pesticide DDT, the Bald Eagle population has since soared following recovery efforts. As of June 28, 2007, it is no longer listed as an endangered species.
Bald Eagles do not get their entirely white head and tail until they are about 4 years old. Once they reach that age, they can begin nesting, and they often select a nesting location that is not too far from where they were hatched several years earlier.