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Description of the Bachman's Sparrow


The Bachman’s Sparrow has a gray supercilium, gray to buffy breast, a rufous crown, and gray and rufous upperparts. It is a rather large sparrow with a long, rounded tail.  Length 6 in.  Wingspan: 7 in.

Bachmans Sparrow gl

Photograph© Greg Lavaty.

 Bachmans Sparrow gl 2

Photograph© Greg Lavaty.

bachman's sparrow


Same as male.

Seasonal change in appearance



Juveniles have streaked underparts.


Bachman’s Sparrows inhabit open pine woodlands and oak clearings with bluestem undergrowth.


Bachman's Sparrows eat insects and seeds.


Bachman's Sparrows forage on the ground, and rather slowly.


Bachman's Sparrows are resident across parts of the southeastern U.S., and breed locally in areas north of their year-round range. The population has declined significantly in recent decades.

More information:

Bent Life History

Visit the Bent Life History for extensive additional information on the Backman's Sparrow

Fun Facts

Bachman’s Sparrows are uncommon and secretive; hearing the song is the best way of locating one.

Forest clearing in the early 20th century provided plentiful habitat, but since then, populations have declined considerably due to habitat loss and fire suppression.


The song consists of a whistle followed by a trill. A high call is also given.


The Bachman's Sparrow's nest is a cup of grass, weeds, and roots and is lined with finer materials. It is placed on the ground near a shrub or grass clump.

Number: 3-5.
Color: white.

Incubation and fledging.
The young hatch at about 12-14 days and fledge at about 9-10 days, though remaining dependent on the adults for some time.