Scientific name: Icterus graduacauda
Found only in south Texas among U.S. states, the Audubon’s Oriole has a reputation of being secretive and hard to find or study. Bronzed and Brown-headed Cowbirds are certainly able to find Audubon’s Oriole nests, however, as about 50% of nests are parasitized, despite nest defense by the orioles.
Audubon’s Orioles have undergone population declines with clearing of riparian forest and thorn forest. Larger, unfragmented areas of habitat are apparently important for this species, and habitat restoration efforts are promising for conserving the species.
Photograph © Greg Lavaty