Description of the Purple Finch
The Purple Finch is a stocky finch with a thick bill and a proportionately large head.
Males are washed in raspberry-red on the head, back, rump, and breast.
Females are brownish and heavily streaked on the breast, with a fairly bold white eyeline.
Seasonal change in appearance
Similar to adult females.
Purple Finches are found in coniferous and mixed woodlands.
Purple Finches primarily eat seeds and buds, but also berries and insects.
Purple Finches forage primarily in trees and shrubs, sometimes in small flocks.
Purple Finches occur in the eastern U.S. as well parts of Canada and the western U.S. The population has declined in recent years.
Bent Life History
Visit the Bent Life History for extensive additional information on the Purple Finch.
The shape of a bird's wing is often an indication of its habits and behavior. Fast flying birds have long, pointed wings. Soaring birds have long, broad wings. Different songbirds will have a slightly different wing shape. Some species look so much alike (Empidonax flycatchers) that scientists sometimes use the length of specific feathers to confirm a species' identification.
Wing images from the University of Puget Sound, Slater Museum of Natural History
Competition with House Sparrows and House Finches may have reduced Purple Finch populations in the northeastern U.S.
Purple Finches frequently visit bird feeders for seeds.
The song is a lengthy warble, and the flight call is a "bik".
Will visit feeders for sunflower and suet.