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Description of the Kentucky Warbler

BREEDING MALE

The Kentucky Warbler has greenish upperparts, a yellow throat and underparts, and a black patch below yellow spectacles.

Males have a more extensive black patch on the face and neck.  Length: 5 in.  Wingspan: 8 in.

kentucky warbler

Female

Females have less black on the face and neck.

 

kentucky warbler

Seasonal change in appearance

Fall birds have less black on the face and neck.

Juvenile

Fall immatures have little or no black on the face and neck.

Habitat

Kentucky Warblers inhabit moist woodlands with undergrowth.

Diet

Kentucky Warblers eat insects.

Behavior

Kentucky Warblers forage on the ground among leaf litter.

Range

Kentucky Warblers breed across much of the eastern U.S. They winter in Mexico, Central America, and South America. The population has declined in recent decades.

More information:

Bent Life History

Visit the Bent Life History for extensive additional information on the Kentucky Warbler.

Fun Facts

Kentucky Warblers have a loud song, but are somewhat shy and hard to see. Early in the breeding season, they sing persistently.

Kentucky Warblers are territorial on their wintering grounds as well as their breeding grounds.

The song of the Kentucky Warbler can be confused with that of the Carolina Wren.

Vocalizations

The song is a series of rapid, two-note phrases.  A "chuk" call is also given.

Nesting

The Kentucky Warbler’s nest is a cup of leaves, grass stems, and weeds and is lined with finer materials. It is placed on or near the ground near a shrub or grass clump.

Number: Usually lay 4-5 eggs.
Color: Whitish with darker markings.

Incubation and fledging:
The young hatch at about 11-13 days and fledge at about 8-10 days, though remaining dependent on the adults for some time.