Scientific name: Picoides pubescens
Despite being the smallest North American woodpecker, the Downy Woodpecker has a very broad distribution and is common enough to be familiar to most people. Though occasionally prone to long distance dispersals, Downy Woodpeckers are not known to be migratory.
In terms of what is known as self-maintenance behavior, Downy Woodpeckers have been known to bathe not only in water and in dust as many birds do, but also in snow. During nighttime hours, Downy Woodpeckers roost singly in cavities in trees.
Photograph © Alan Wilson.