Plants for the Northeast
This region has great diversity and there are many
choices of native species of trees and shrubs that flower
and fruit, as well as evergreens within the zones of 2 to 7.
Winters are severe, so fruits that persist through winter
are critically important. Leaf litter from the many
deciduous hardwoods provides many species with
insect-foraging sites and should be incorporated into every
Note: Many of the plantings of suitable for this area
overlap with those of the Southeast, providing even more
choices for the bird-minded gardener.
Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperus virginia) Zones 3 -
Slow-growing evergreen to 50'. Offers cover and nesting
sites as well as fruits to feed more than 50 species through
the winter. Plant several since only females fruit.
Florida Dogwood (Cornus florida) Zones 5 - 8
Beautiful deciduous tree 3' - 10', widely spread over the
eastern U.S. Spring flowers and fall foliage, with summer
fruits that last through mid-fall that are highly to
attractive to a wide variety of species. Fall migrants
especially love especially the berries due to their high
lipid content. Prefers rich, moist, well-drained soils.
Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus) Zones 3 - 8
Large, fast-growing conifer to 100', easily pruned to dense
structure perfect for cover. Provides food in winter for
many species. Ideal landscaping or specimen plant, best in
American Highbush Cranberry (Virbunum tribolium)
Zones 2 - 8
Deciduous shrub to 12' and 6' to 8' wide. White flowers in
spring, red foliage in fall. Abundant red berries late
summer last throughout winter feed many species. Does better
planted in multiples. Excellent hedgerow.
Winterberry (Ilex verticillata) Zones 4 - 9
Abundant, fat red berries that ripen late summer or fall
that last into winter. Many-stemmed deciduous shrub 5' to
15' offers beautiful contrast to winter gardens and attracts
many species. Prefers moist soil and needs several to
Northern Bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica) Zones 2 -
Semi-evergreen to deciduous shrub to 6 ft. Fragrant fruits
in clusters against the branches appear in late summer,
persist through winter, and provide food for spring
migrants. Likes full sun/partial shade and dry, sandy soil,
but will tolerate moist fertile soil.
American Bittersweet - NOT Oriental (Celastrus
scandens) Zones 2 - 8
Deciduous vine to 60'. Thornless, with bright orange to red
berries that burst open in fall to feed many species. Grows
well on trellis or stone walls, fences, or on the ground to
Bearberry (Arctostaphylos uvaursi) Zones 2 - 8
Evergreen to 12". Excellent shelter from strong winds.
Pinkish-white flowers in summer followed by red berries that
last through winter.
Aggie Horticulture - Texas