Very large, white hreon-like bird. Looks entirely white when not flying. Black primaries show in flight.
Neck remains straight when at rest or in flight. Herons and egrets often show 'S' shaped neck in flight or when feeding.
The Whooping Crane is one of the 2010 International Migratory Bird Day Featured Species. Artwork by Robert Petty.
FemaleSame as male.
Seasonal change in appearanceNone.
JuvenileBody mainly white, with some brown feathers. Pale brown head and neck.
Breeds in freshwater marshes and prairies. The largest population nests in Canada. Attempts have been made to develop other wild populations in New Mexico and Florida, with various levels of success.
Uses grain fields and shallow ponds during migration. The largest population winters along the Texas coast in saltwater marshes.
DietWhooping Cranes feed on a variety of plants and small animals, including insects, fish, frogs and grain during migration. Cranes along the Texas coast utilize crabs. Low crab populations along the Texas coast may have contributed to a high mortality rate in some years.
Whooping Cranes perform a somewhat awkward dance during courtship. Wing flaps, tossing of the head and flipping items into the air are part of the ritual.
They feed on the ground, using their strong bills to probe and stab for food.
Summer/breeding in Canada, winters along the Texas coast.
Bent Life History
Visit the Bent Life History for extensive additional information on the Whooping Crane.
Whooping Cranes are one of our most endangered birds. In the early 1940's, populations dropped to 16 individuals. Recovery efforts have increased the wild population to over 200 birds.
Operation Migration has been attempting to establish a second, sustainable wild populaiton.
The USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center is the hub of Whooping Crane conservation efforts.
VocalizationsA single bugle-like call.