The Allen’s Hummingbird has a green back, with reddish-orange at the base of the tail, and a buffy to orange belly.
- Minimal reddish in gorget.
Seasonal change in appearanceNone.
JuvenileJuveniles are pale buffy below and lack red in the gorget.
HabitatWooded areas, parks, and gardens.
DietNectar and insects.
BehaviorAllen’s Hummingbirds hover to drink nectar from flowers or hummingbird feeders.
Allen’s Hummingbirds breed in California and Oregon, and winter over a larger area of California, Arizona, and Mexico.
Bent Life History
Visit the Bent Life History for extensive additional information on the American Goldfinch.
Spring migration for Allen’s Hummingbirds is very early, typically January through March.
Adult male Allen’s Hummingbirds may begin their “fall” migration as early as late May.
VocalizationsChip note calls are made, and males can create a buzzing sound in flight due to air movement over their wings.
The Allen’s Hummingbird’s nest is a cup of mosses and other fibers and is lined with finer materials. The outside is covered with lichens. It is placed on a low branch.
Incubation and fledging:
- Young hatch at about 17-22 days.
- Young fledge (leave the nest) at about 22-25 days, but associate with the female for some time.
Allen's Hummingbirds can be attracted with flowering plants and hummingbird feeders.